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Predicting Impressions Created by Combinations of Emotion and Social Identity

David R. Heise and Lisa Thomas
Social Psychology Quarterly
Vol. 52, No. 2 (Jun., 1989), pp. 141-148
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2786913
Page Count: 8
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Predicting Impressions Created by Combinations of Emotion and Social Identity
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Abstract

Ratings of evaluation, potency, and activity (EPA) for 224 combinations of emotions with social identities were predicted well from EPA measurements of the component emotions and identities. The equations show that outcome impressions are amalgamations of both the emotion and the identity, but that impressions of people with valued identities are influenced more by negative emotions than impressions of stigmatized people are influenced by positive emotions. The same prediction equations apply across sexes. Also, the emotion-identity equations have the same form as equations for predicting trait-identity outcomes. Computer simulations of social interaction suggested that the equations provide a suitable framework for defining mood-based situated identities.

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