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Malthus and the Less Developed World: The Pivotal Role of India
John C. Caldwell
Population and Development Review
Vol. 24, No. 4 (Dec., 1998), pp. 675-696
Published by: Population Council
Page Count: 22
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Fertility rates, Censuses, Famine, Population growth, Mortality rates, Birth control, Epidemiology, Population control, Humanity
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Malthus's Essay had a powerful influence on how English-speaking people interpreted population issues. This was particularly true with regard to India, Britain's huge colony, which, unlike other large agrarian countries of the less developed world, was progressively described by census statistics and other demographic observations. Its administrators and civil servants, both British and Indian, increasingly saw it in Malthusian terms. This tradition persisted into the twentieth century and played a powerful role in the establishment of national family planning programs in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and beyond. In turn the British experience in India helped to shape the attitudes of the English-speaking peoples to poor, densely populated countries and rapid population growth.
Population and Development Review © 1998 Population Council