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Fads, Martingales, and Market Efficiency

Bruce N. Lehmann
The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Vol. 105, No. 1 (Feb., 1990), pp. 1-28
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2937816
Page Count: 28
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Fads, Martingales, and Market Efficiency
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Abstract

Predictable variation in equity returns might reflect either (1) predictable changes in expected returns or (2) market inefficiency and stock price "overreaction." These explanations can be distinguished by examining returns over short time intervals since systematic changes in fundamental valuation over intervals like a week should not occur in efficient markets. The evidence suggests that the "winners" and "losers" one week experience sizeable return reversals the next week in a way that reflects apparent arbitrage profits which persist after corrections for bid-ask spreads and plausible transactions costs. This probably reflects inefficiency in the market for liquidity around large price changes.

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