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United States Indian Policy: From the Dawes Act to the American Indian Policy Review Commission

Paul Stuart
Social Service Review
Vol. 51, No. 3 (Sep., 1977), pp. 451-463
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30015511
Page Count: 13
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United States Indian Policy: From the Dawes Act to the American Indian Policy Review Commission
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Abstract

The General Allotment Act (1887) and the Indian Reorganization Act (1934) each guided United States Indian policy for four decades. While the acts differed in ideology and in the outcomes envisioned for the Indians, each offered a solution to a white-defined "Indian problem," and each was modified soon after enactment. A review of forty years' experience with the acts suggests that, in both cases, the failure to maintain a commitment to Indian interests contributed to the failure to achieve policy objectives. The time now seems ripe for a new departure in Indian policy. The current congressional policy review provides for extensive Indian involvement. The creation of an informed and aggressive Indian constituency may be the key to the success of a new Indian policy.

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