You are not currently logged in.
Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:
If You Use a Screen ReaderThis content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Cel Animation: Mass Production and Marginalization in the Animated Film Industry
Vol. 2, No. 3 (Sep. - Oct., 1988), pp. 223-228
Published by: Indiana University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3815119
Page Count: 6
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Preview not available
While Winsor McCay was the pioneer of American animation, it was J. R. Bray who was the first to establish a true animated cartoon studio. His development of the process of cel animation created a rigid division of labor among animation workers, and served as a model for most other studios. While economically successful, this approach soon led the animated film to a marginal and highly conventionalized position within the motion picture industry.
Film History © 1988 Indiana University Press