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Germination and Seedling Development of Fringed Sagebrush (Artemisia frigida)

Robert G. Wilson, Jr.
Weed Science
Vol. 30, No. 1 (Jan., 1982), pp. 102-105
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4043228
Page Count: 4
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Germination and Seedling Development of Fringed Sagebrush (Artemisia frigida)
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Abstract

Optimum germination of fringed sagebrush (Artemisia frigida Willd.) occurred at alternating temperatures of 10 to 20 C. Seeds were able to germinate (15%) in NaCl concentrations of 5000 ppmw. Light was important in seed germination; however, its absence could be overcome by adding 30 ppmw GA₃ (gibberellic acid) to the germination medium. Optimum pH for germination was between 5.8 and 7.0. Depth of planting influenced seedling emergence; the greatest emergence occurred when seeds were planted on the soil surface; emergence was lower when seeds were buried at any depth in the soil. Osmotic potentials of -13 bars and greater reduced germination, but 6% of the seeds germinated at -15 bars. Fringed sagebrush seedlings tolerated average plant water potentials of -10 to -19 bars and died when water potentials were decreased to -22 bars. Mature fringed sagebrush plants were capable of producing from 16500 to 190000 seeds/plant.

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