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Pathway To The Periphery: Urbanization, Creation Of A Relative Surplus Population, And Political Outcomes In Manila, Philippines

Jack Arn
Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development
Vol. 24, No. 3/4 (FALL-WINTER, 1995), pp. 189-228
Published by: The Institute, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40553284
Page Count: 40
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Pathway To The Periphery: Urbanization, Creation Of A Relative Surplus Population, And Political Outcomes In Manila, Philippines
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Abstract

The World Bank has established Third World urban poverty as a primary focus for Development Studies in the 1990s. Yet little renewed attention is paid to the theorization of the issue in the context of overall Third World development/underdevelopment. This paper uses the case of Manila, Philippines to provide an initial basis for a renewed theoretical perspective, demonstrating the historical structural roots and connectedness of several phenomena: the process of hyperurbanization and urban primacy; the creation of an urban underclass or relative surplus population; the state housing policy response; and the rise of urban-based political movements. The primacy of national imperatives is asserted, notwithstanding the prolific and important literature on urban social movements.

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