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Voting Pattern in the Fourth General Election. I: D M K Success in Madras

N. S. Siddhartan
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 2, No. 24 (Jun. 17, 1967), pp. 1083+1085-1088
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4358065
Page Count: 5
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Voting Pattern in the Fourth General Election. I: D M K Success in Madras
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Abstract

Madras was one of the better administered States under the Congress. Why then was the Congress routed in the elections by the United Front with the DMK at its centre-piece? The Congress organisation was no match for the DMK whose sustained campaigning at the grass-roots level evoked a strong popular response, especially as memories of the linguistic disturbances of early 1965 were still fresh. But what turned the DMK's advantages into a resounding victory was its strategy of forging an electoral arrangement with the Swatantra and the CPI (M). This helped the DMK to enlist support which cut across caste and class alignments. The study of voting pattern attempted here brings out the depth of support for the United Front. A large proportion of its seats were won by overwhelming majorities. In ten of the fourteen districts, again, the United Front secured an absolute majority of the votes polled, a feat which the Congress failed to perform in even a single district. The analysis also shows that the United Front swept the polls in most of the major towns in the State and that the hold of the Congress on scheduled caste constituencies, traditionally Congress strongholds, has been lost. [This is the first of a series of articles on the voting pattern in the different States in the general elections.]

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