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Technological Change in Milk Production: A Review of Some Critical Issues with Reference to South Africa [South Asia]

K. Narayanan Nair
Economic and Political Weekly
Vol. 17, No. 13 (Mar. 27, 1982), pp. A15-A20
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4370818
Page Count: 6
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Technological Change in Milk Production: A Review of Some Critical Issues with Reference to South Africa [South Asia]
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Abstract

Milk production in south Asian countries has been gaining increasing importance in recent years, as is evident from the substantial rise in the scale of investment in dairying and the changing technology of dairy production. To aid this development effort, there has been large-scale import of capital and technology from the developed countries and the international lending institutions. The justification usually offered for this pattern of dairy development is two-fold: first, if the traditional technology of dairy production is continued it will result in the years to come in significant decline in per capita milk production and, consequently, in the nutritional standards of the population; secondly, increasing investment in the dairy sector will be beneficial more to the vulnerable than to the rich sections of the population. Whether the pattern of dairy development emerging in these countries does in fact meet the attainment of these objectives has been a subject of extensive debate in recent years [Sha et al, 1980; Huria and Achaya 1980; Rajapurohit 1979; S Singh 1979; Nair 1980]. However, it seems to us that some of the major issues associated with technological change in dairying have not surfaced clearly in these discussions. It is our intention in this paper to undertake a fresh look at a few of such critical issues underlying the technology of dairy production in the south Asian countries. In Section I, we examine the effect of technology on production and the conditions under which introduction of technology would lead to the development of successful dairying. In section II, the distributive effect of dairy development is analysed in some detail.

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